الرد على شبهة اقتباس قصة ولادة المسيح عليه الصلاة و السلام من الاناجيل الابوكريفية

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  • الرد على شبهة اقتباس قصة ولادة المسيح عليه الصلاة و السلام من الاناجيل الابوكريفية

    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    قال تعالى في سورة مريم : ((15) وَاذْكُرْ فِي الْكِتَابِ مَرْيَمَ إِذِ انتَبَذَتْ مِنْ أَهْلِهَا مَكَانًا شَرْقِيًّا (16) فَاتَّخَذَتْ مِن دُونِهِمْ حِجَابًا فَأَرْسَلْنَا إِلَيْهَا رُوحَنَا فَتَمَثَّلَ لَهَا بَشَرًا سَوِيًّا (17) قَالَتْ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِالرَّحْمَٰنِ مِنكَ إِن كُنتَ تَقِيًّا (18) قَالَ إِنَّمَا أَنَا رَسُولُ رَبِّكِ لِأَهَبَ لَكِ غُلَامًا زَكِيًّا (19) قَالَتْ أَنَّىٰ يَكُونُ لِي غُلَامٌ وَلَمْ يَمْسَسْنِي بَشَرٌ وَلَمْ أَكُ بَغِيًّا (20) قَالَ كَذَٰلِكِ قَالَ رَبُّكِ هُوَ عَلَيَّ هَيِّنٌ ۖ وَلِنَجْعَلَهُ آيَةً لِّلنَّاسِ وَرَحْمَةً مِّنَّا ۚ وَكَانَ أَمْرًا مَّقْضِيًّا (21) ۞ فَحَمَلَتْهُ فَانتَبَذَتْ بِهِ مَكَانًا قَصِيًّا (22) فَأَجَاءَهَا الْمَخَاضُ إِلَىٰ جِذْعِ النَّخْلَةِ قَالَتْ يَا لَيْتَنِي مِتُّ قَبْلَ هَٰذَا وَكُنتُ نَسْيًا مَّنسِيًّا (23) فَنَادَاهَا مِن تَحْتِهَا أَلَّا تَحْزَنِي قَدْ جَعَلَ رَبُّكِ تَحْتَكِ سَرِيًّا (24) وَهُزِّي إِلَيْكِ بِجِذْعِ النَّخْلَةِ تُسَاقِطْ عَلَيْكِ رُطَبًا جَنِيًّا (25))

    يدعي اعداء الاسلام اليوم من المنصرين و الملاحدة ان قصة ولادة مريم للمسيح عليه الصلاة و السلام تحت نخلة هي قصة مقتبسة من الاناجيل الابوكريفية

    و الحقيقة عكس ذلك اذ ان المتتبع للمصادر التي يدعو الاقتباس منها يجد انها:
    مصادر متاخرة عن الاسلام
    .

    و المصادر او المصدر الوحيد الذي يدعي هؤلاء الاقتباس منه هو :
    انجيل متى الابوكريفي
    .

    و دعوى الاقتباس من انجيل متى الابوكريفي مردودة لعلتين :

    1. ان الدراسات الحديثة تشير الى ان انجيل متى الابوكريفي تم تالفيه في القرن الثامن او التاسع اي بعد ظهور الاسلام بمائة او مائتي سنة .
    نقرا من كتاب The Westminster Dictionary of New Testament and Early Christian Literature للكاتب David Edward Aune الصفحة 203 :(( Similarly the Gospel of PS. Matthew ( an 8th century combination of In JAm. and In Thomas with some independent material in chapters 18- 24 ) several miracles are attributed to the child Jesus in addition to those taken over from In Thomas))




    و نقرا من كتاب The Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew and the Nativity of Mary للكاتب Brandon W. Hawk الصفحة 3:
    (( Transmission of PS. MT was widespread and long lasting. The manuscript evidence ranges from the turn of the ninth century to the sixteenth century, with origins or provenances as far flung as modern day France ))





    و نقرا من كتاب The Apocryphal Jesus: Legends of the Early Church للكاتب J. K. Elliott :
    ((A variation of the stories of the Protevangelium is to be seen in the later Gospel of Pseudo Matthew which in its present form may date from the eighth century, although it drew on much earlier material.))





    و نقرا من كتاب The Biblical Drama of Medieval Europe للكاتب Lynette R. Muir الصفحة 89 :(( The material is drawn from the Protevangelium from which two successive texts developed: The Gospel of Pseudo Matthew (attributed to St Jerome but probably not composed before the eighth century; versions are extant in many languages)






    و نقرا THE INFANCY OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST AS SEEN IN THE GOSPELS OF MATTHEW AND LUKE COMPARED WITH THE INFANCY GOSPELS OF THE APOCRYPHAL CHRISTIAN LITERATURE. للكاتب John Gayford الصفحة 11:
    ((This work was better known in the West replacing the Protevangelium of James and the Infancy Gospel of Thomas. In fact it is made up from the beginning of the former and an edited version of the latter, Jesus as a child is projected in a less malevolent way. It has some material of its own and differences from the above works. In one edition we are told that Joseph had grandchildren who were older than Mary and that Mary stayed in the temple until she was 14. The work became popular in the Middle Ages and greatly influenced art. At the birth of Jesus the ox and the ass are said to be present and this has passed into modern nativity scenes and old carols. Elliott (1993, p. 84-85) tells us that it was most likely written in Latin possible in the eight or ninth centuries but the oldest manuscripts are not before the 14th century. It was also known as Liber de Infantia or Nativitate Mariae et de Infantia Salvatoris. ))
    http://www.stmaryeastgrinstead.co.uk...7NueVM4KC6t7f8





    2. انجيل متى الابوكريفي لم يكتب الا باللاتينية و لم يعرف الا للكنائس الغربية فلم تعرفه الكنائس الشرقية و من ضمنها كنائس الحبشة و مصر و الشام و العراق فلا عبرة اذا للبعض الذين قالوا بان الانجيل كتب في القرن السادس لانه لم يعرف ابدا في الشرق .
    نقرا من The Apocryphal New Testament: A Collection of Apocryphal Christian للكاتب J. K. Elliott الصفحة 84
    (( Conversely Pseudo Matthew as such seems not to have been known in the east or in the Eastern versions))






    نقرا من الموسوعة الكاثوليكية :
    ((This is a Latin composition of the fourth or fifth century. It pretends to have been written by St. Matthew and translated by St. Jerome.
    Pseudo-Matthew is in large part parallel to the "Protoevangelium Jacobi", being based on the latter or its sources
    . It differs in some particulars always in the direction of the more marvellous. Some of its data have replaced in popular belief parallel ones of the older pseudograph. Such is the age of fourteen in which Mary was betrothed to Joseph. A narrative of the flight into Egypt is adorned with poetic wonders.))
    http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01601a.htm#III1

    و نقرا من international standard bible encyclopedia
    A forged correspondence between Jerome and two Italian bishops supplied a substitute in the Gospel of the Pseudo-Matthew, which Jerome was falsely represented to have rendered in Latin from the original Hebrew of Mt.
    The gospel is known only in Latin
    and, as already indicated, is not earlier than the 5th century.
    The Protevangelium is freely used and supplemented from some unknown (probably Gnostic) source
    , and further miracles especially connected with the sojourn in Egypt have been wrought into it with others added from the Childhood Gospel of Thomas
    https://www.internationalstandardbib...0uLQqOwrTiYxPU

    و نقرا من THE INFANCY OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST AS SEEN IN THE GOSPELS OF MATTHEW AND LUKE COMPARED WITH THE INFANCY GOSPELS OF THE APOCRYPHAL CHRISTIAN LITERATURE. للكاتب John Gayford الصفحة 11
    ((
    This work was better known in the West replacing the Protevangelium of James and
    the Infancy Gospel of Thomas
    . In fact it is made up from the beginning of the former and an edited version of the latter, Jesus as a child is projected in a less malevolent way. It has some material of its own and differences from the above works. In one edition we are told that Joseph had grandchildren who were older than Mary and that Mary stayed in the temple until she was 14.))
    http://www.stmaryeastgrinstead.co.uk...7NueVM4KC6t7f8
    هذا وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد و على اله وصحبه وسلم

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